Calculi are among the most common issues encountered in the urinary system with a prevalence of 1 to 20% in different countries. Aside from being a prevalent condition in itself, it also signals a number of other diseases (metabolic syndrome, bone fractures, DM, HT etc.) and has turned into a widespread costly urological disease over the course of the years, which renders it a notable condition. As the only nonsurgical treatment option, ESWL
(extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy) stands out among alternatives.
What is ESWL?
ESWL is a technique where concentrated high-energy sound waves are delivered at certain frequencies from outside the body to calculi under visual guidance of fluoroscopy and/or ultrasonography for the purpose of fragmenting it. Being the only noninvasive alternative among others, it is a notable model of treatment.
Other Treatments of Calculous Diseases of the Urinary System
- Medical treatment (passage of calculi with the help of medication)
- Surgical treatment
- Retrograde intrarenal surgery-RIRS
- Percutaneous nephrolithotomy-PNL
- Laparoscopic-robotic surgery